National Gemstones


Canada was founded by both its First Nations and European immigrants, along the natural boundaries of expansive wilderness. Canadian Labradorite is considered a magical stone for those who travel and embrace the universe. The Inuit people believe Labradorite fell from the frozen fire of the Aurora Borealis and transformed the extraordinary shimmering into a mystical light that separates the waking world from unseen realms.


The national 'gemstone' of France is the pearl. When a pearl is born, it is the result of irritation to the soft body of a mollusk. The sea animal, trying to soothe the stuck sand or speck, nourishes the irritation with a layer of nacre, followed by another and another until the pearl is formed. This is why pearls are considered to be gems of nurturing and nourishment, as their origin is a result of self-nurturing.


Amethyst is the national gemstone of England and has been found in graves across the country. Medieval soldiers wore talismans of Amethyst for protection in battle, believing that the stone had healing powers and would keep them cool-headed, protect them from harm, and give victory over their enemies.


The national gemstone of Germany is the Aquamarine, which is a valued gem of ancient lineage. The Romans believed that if the figure of a frog were carved on an Aquamarine, it served to reconcile enemies and make them friends. Another Roman legend stated that the stone absorbs the atmosphere of young love: “When blessed and worn, it joins in love, and does great things.” Aquamarine was also considered the most appropriate morning gift to give to a bride by her groom following the consummation of their marriage. The Greeks and the Romans knew the Aquamarine as the sailor’s gem, ensuring the safe and prosperous passage across stormy seas.

Italy & Spain

The national gemstone of Spain is Amber and though Italy does not have a national gemstone, it is known for its abundance of naturally occurring Sulphur. Amber has a golden hue and Sulphur is a vibrant yellow, therefore, Honey Citrine mined in Spain will represent the Spanish and Italian heritages.


The national gemstone of Ireland is the Connemara Marble. Ireland has historically been divided into four provinces, of which the origin of each can be traced to the territories of the great Irish families. Each Province has its own distinctive marble, with Connemara green marble from West Connaught as the best known.


In 1706, Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Shungite to be brought to his Summer Palace and wanted it placed inside his water fountains because of its reputation for healing and purification. In 1719, Peter the Great founded the first healing mineral spa in Russia, Marsial Waters, in Petrozavodsk, Karelina, where the water flowed over Shungite deposits, giving the water its marvelous healing qualities. The Tsar visited the spa personally on three separate occasions and swore by its powers. He also ordered his soldiers to carry a piece of Shungite and use it to purify their drinking water during military campaigns.


Historians believe that Iolite helped Vikings find the hidden sun. In the cold waters navigated by the Vikings, there is a natural phenomenon called ‘Arctic sea smoke’. When cold air moves across warmer water, vapor can rise, obscuring the sun like a fog. The sky may be fairly clear, but the horizon, land, and other objects can be impossible to distinguish, making navigation tricky. By looking up at the cloudy sky through a thin piece of iolite, a Viking navigator could locate the sun and ascertained his position and direction.


Scotland’s national gemstone is the Smoky Quartz. The Celts mined Cairngorm, a variety of Smoky Quartz from the Cairngorm Mountains in the Scottish Highlands, which has traditionally been used in Scottish jewelry and Highland dress, including shoulder brooches and kilt pins, and as power stones on the handles of weaponry, especially the Scottish dagger sgian dubh, a “sock knife”, which is still part of a proper kilted dress uniform.


Quartz crystals, or "Bergkristall" (mountain crystal), have been a source of income in the Swiss Alps since Roman times and the "Swiss quartz movement" refers to a clock or watch made in Switzerland and uses quartz to power its movement. The ancients believed it was formed of petrified ice and "a stone of light" broken off from the celestial throne. Because of its abundance and beauty, nearly every ancient culture revered quartz, and it has been used by many peoples in shamanic and religious ceremonies.